Add flour to large mixing bowl, make a deep well in the middle, add yeast and malted barley flour/sugar, then pour warm milk over it. Let stand for about 10 mins.
Add remaining ingredients and work into a smooth dough. Cover the bowl and let the dough rise in a warm spot for about 1 hour or until double in size.
Measure out dough of about 3 oz/85 g each and roll into long shapes. Then form into pretzels: roll out into long strands of about 18 inches with a thick part in the middle. Form strand into a U. Fold the ends over once and once more. Bring ends back and press into pretzel body. Repeat until all the dough balls are shaped into pretzels.
Add 1 liter/quart of water to a pot, THEN add 1 oz of food grade lye or 1/4 cup of baking soda. Heat over medium heat until hot but not boiling. Preheat the oven to 435˚F.
Freeze the pretzels on a baking tray for about 15 mins or place in the refrigerator for about 1 hour until firm.
Take pretzels out of freezer or refrigerator. With a slotted spoon and one by one dip the pretzels into the hot lye/baking soda bath for up to 30 sec. Place back onto baking sheet.
Cut each pretzel horizontally at the thickest part. Sprinkle each pretzel with coarse pretzel salt.
Bake at 435˚F for 13-17 mins or until nice and brown. Let them cool on a cooling rack.
Enjoy with butter and/or with (white) sausage or your favorite sides!