How to Make German Pretzels

Let me show you step-by-step how you can make delicious German pretzels. They have the distinct color and flavor you might have come to love!

Have you had authentic German pretzels before?

Maybe you have visited an Oktoberfest in your area.

Or you have visited or lived in Germany and tried them there.

When I was growing up in Germany, I always loved them but certainly took them for granted as you can find them in pretty much every German bakery. As kids growing up in Stuttgart, we would walk by these little “huts” or stands that solely sold pretzels. They would even cut them horizontally and spread them with butter for you.

Since having moved to the US, I have missed German soft pretzels. Probably because they’re not so readily available.

I have found some good sources but the pretzels tend to be expensive. Sometimes, I see them in stores. They’re either packaged or frozen. But guess what? Their American counterpart is often way too sweet! I mean, for a German pretzel.

As with many foods, if I can’t get them here, I’ll just learn how to make them.

Here’s a picture of my first attempt at homemade pretzels from a decade ago:

first attempt German pretzels

They weren’t bad but they weren’t what I was looking for.

Since then, I have been working on perfecting my recipe and my methods.

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What is a traditional German Pretzel?

German pretzels are made from a simple yeast dough that is not sweet. Yes, sometimes a bit of sugar or malted barley flour is added to feed the yeast. However, when you take a bite, there shouldn’t be any obvious sweetness.

They have a soft center and a crisp crust. The traditional shape is important to the look, and yes, the taste of an authentic German pretzel.

Also, German pretzels are lye pretzels, in German called “Laugenbrezel”. That means, that they have been dipped in lye. Food grade lye is what gives them their reddish-brown color and authentic pretzel taste. This is called the “Maillard reaction”: a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that gives browned food its distinctive flavor (source:

At first, I was intimidated by using lye but with a few safety precautions, I soon found that the distinct pretzel flavor and color were worth the extra effort.

authentic German pretzels

Ingredients for German Pretzels

ingredients for German pretzels

Here are the ingredients you need to make German pretzels:

  • Flour: you can use whatever flour you have on hand.
  • Milk: you can use water for this yeast dough but I find that milk adds extra depth to the flavor.
  • Yeast: most Germans like using fresh yeast but you can absolutely use dry instant yeast.
  • Salt: My favorite types are sea salt or Himalayan salt.
  • Butter: Butter makes everything better. While not strictly necessary, I love the flavor of these German pretzels better when I add butter.
  • Malted barley flour: I find that this is an essential ingredient. The enzymes in malted barley flour help the dough become more elastic and add a nice subtle malted flavor. It also helps with browning.
  • Food grade lye or baking soda: dipping the pretzels in either food-grade lye or a baking soda solution is what makes these homemade pretzels authentic.
  • Coarse pretzel salt: This is important for sprinkling the top of the pretzel for the authentic look and taste.

Useful tools and equipment:

Here are my favorite items for making these homemade German pretzels:

  • Stand mixer: you will create quite a big ball of dough. While you can absolutely mix and knead it by hand, I prefer using my Kitchenaid stand mixer. I can also let the dough rise right in the bowl of the stand mixer.
  • Kitchen scale: since this is an authentic German recipe, I recommend you use a kitchen scale for accurate measurements.
  • Half baker’s sheet: even if you can fit a full-size baking sheet in your oven, I recommend you use a half baker’s sheet. That way you can easily put it in your refrigerator or freezer.
  • Slotted spoon: using a slotted spoon helps tremendously in dipping and lifting the pretzels in and out of the lye bath.
  • Sharp knife or lame: you will use this to score the bottom of the pretzels.

How to make German Pretzels

Making the pretzel dough

  • Measure your flour and add to the mixing bowl of your stand mixer. Create a deep well in the flour, add dry yeast, malted barley flour or sugar, and lukewarm milk. Let this yeast mixture sit for about 10 minutes.
  • Add the remaining ingredients. With the dough hook attached, turn your stand mixer to low and gradually to medium speed to mix everything into a smooth dough that releases easily from the bowl. You can also do that by hand on your work surface.
  • Cover the bowl and let your dough sit at room temperature or better in a warm spot for about one hour or until it has doubled in size.
  • To make your pretzels the same size and have them bake evenly, I recommend you weigh your dough balls. I usually make them weigh in at about 3 oz or 85 g. It doesn’t have to be super exact. However, I find that often I am way off. Therefore, I prefer using a kitchen scale.
  • Form all the dough balls into long shapes.

Shaping the pretzels

Now, we’ll shape the pretzels.

Different regions in Germany prefer slightly different shapes. Bavarian pretzels are rolled to one thickness all around. The one I like has a thicker bottom and thinner arms. Those you find in Swabia (the area around Stuttgart). To make them, you’ll roll your dough into a long rope with a thicker part in the middle (about 18 inches long).

Next, you form a U-shape.

shaping pretzels

Fold the long “arms” over once.

making pretzels

Fold the long arms over a second time.

creating pretzel shape

Now, you bring the ends back and press them onto the pretzel body.

forming German pretzel

It might take a bit to get the hang of it if you’re making these for the first time but just keep on trying. Don’t worry if they turn out a bit funny. Again, you might have to make a few batches to see how they turn out in the end.

Place your formed pretzels onto a baking tray lined with parchment paper. I like to put them in the freezer for about 15 minutes or in the refrigerator for about 1 hour to make them a bit stiffer. This really helps with the lye dipping!

Prepare the lye solution

Now is the time to mix your lye solution or baking soda bath in a large pot.

ALWAYS add 1 oz of lye to 1 quart of water, not the other way around!

Alternatively, you can mix 1/4 cup of baking soda with 1 quart of water.

Gently warm the lye/baking soda bath over medium heat until all the lye or baking soda is dissolved.

How to safely work with lye:

You may be very weary of working with the sodium hydroxide solution – for good reason. It is extremely caustic and can cause chemical burns on your skin or in your eyes.

Therefore, it is very important that you wear goggles and latex gloves while working with lye. I also recommend that you keep small children out of the kitchen while you use lye.

Dipping the pretzels in the lye solution

At this point, I recommend you set your oven to 435˚F.

Take the pretzels out of the freezer or refrigerator when the time is up.

Put on latex gloves and goggles (if using lye) and with a slotted spoon dip one pretzel at a time in the lye or baking soda bath. You can leave them in there for up to 30 seconds. Take them out and place them back on the parchment-lined baking sheet. Repeat until all of them have been dipped.

dipping pretzel in lye

With a sharp knife or lame cut into the unbaked pretzels at the thickest part about ⅓ of the way.

baking pretzels

After that, sprinkle each pretzel with pretzel salt.

Bake at 435˚F for 13-17 minutes or until nice and brown.

Let the pretzels cool on a wire rack.

Saving the lye:

I like to save any leftover lye if it is pretty clean. I carefully pour it into a quart-size mason jar, put a lid on, and LABEL it very obviously so that everyone knows it’s lye.

saving food-grade lye

Substitutions and variations:

  • Flour: I have used both AP flour and bread flour, spelt flour, and even a bit of whole wheat flour. Often, I replace about 1/3 of the white flour with whole wheat flour. I guess you could use gluten-free flours but I have not personally made these German pretzels with it.
  • Malted barley flour: While this is an ingredient that gives these authentic pretzels their distinct taste and look, you can also use barley malt syrup or regular sugar instead.
  • Lye: To create the authentic pretzel flavor and color, you’ll want to use food-grade lye. Yes, it is also used for making soap but it is not only perfectly fine for pretzel-making, it is THE ingredient that creates this authentic color and taste. If you are not comfortable with using lye, you can also use baking soda. Use 2 TBSP of baking soda in 4 cups of water.
  • Pretzel salt: This is the coarse salt that you typically find on pretzels. You can also use Maldon salt or any salt you have at home.
  • Pretzel shape: There is something about the shape of a pretzel. However, with the same dough and same method, you can also make pretzel rolls or pretzel sticks (both of which you can find in Germany, too).
traditional German pretzels on wire rack

How to eat homemade German Pretzels:

The best way to enjoy your German pretzels is with butter. You can also serve them with your favorite (white) sausages.

Many German beer gardens also serve pretzels with beer cheese (recipe coming soon – stay tuned!).

Should you have any leftovers, just put them in a plastic bag in the freezer. You can then crisp up your pretzels in a hot (about 420˚F) oven for a few minutes.

Fun fact: Germans actually never eat their pretzels with mustard! The only time you find mustard on the same plate as the pretzel is if there is a sausage.

German pretzel with knife on cutting board

German pretzels
Print Recipe
5 from 6 votes

German Pretzels

You will love the distinct flavor and color of authentic German pretzels
Prep Time15 minutes
Cook Time15 minutes
Resting time1 hour 30 minutes
Course: Breakfast
Cuisine: German
Servings: 14 pretzels
Calories: 190kcal
Cost: $9


  • 3.5 cups or 500 g flour
  • 1 ⅙ cups or 300 g lukewarm milk
  • 2 tsp dry yeast
  • 1 TBSP malted barley flour or sugar
  • 2 tsp or 10 g salt
  • 3 TBSP or 40 g of soft butter
  • food-grade lye
  • coarse pretzel salt


  • Add flour to large mixing bowl, make a deep well in the middle, add yeast and malted barley flour/sugar, then pour warm milk over it.  Let stand for about 10 mins.
  • Add remaining ingredients and work into a smooth dough. Cover the bowl and let the dough rise in a warm spot for about 1 hour or until double in size.
  • Measure out dough of about 3 oz/85 g each and roll into long shapes.  Then form into pretzels: roll out into long strands of about 18 inches with a thick part in the middle.  Form strand into a U.  Fold the ends over once and once more.  Bring ends back and press into pretzel body.  Repeat until all the dough balls are shaped into pretzels.
  • Add 1 liter/quart of water to a pot, THEN add 1 oz of food grade lye or 1/4 cup of baking soda.  Heat over medium heat until hot but not boiling.  Preheat the oven to 435˚F.
  • Freeze the pretzels on a baking tray for about 15 mins or place in the refrigerator for about 1 hour until firm.
  • Take pretzels out of freezer or refrigerator. With a slotted spoon and one by one dip the pretzels into the hot lye/baking soda bath for up to 30 sec.  Place back onto baking sheet.
  • Cut each pretzel horizontally at the thickest part.  Sprinkle each pretzel with coarse pretzel salt.
  • Bake at 435˚F for 13-17 mins or until nice and brown.  Let them cool on a cooling rack.
  • Enjoy with butter and/or with (white) sausage or your favorite sides!
    German pretzels


Calories: 190kcal
Tried this recipe?Mention @ourgabledhome or tag #ourgabledhome!

Other recipes you might enjoy:

Easy Sourdough Pretzel Recipe

German Crusty Rolls

No-knead artisan sourdough bread

German-style whole grain bread

German Christmas Stollen

I’d love to hear your comments or questions below!!

Pin For Later:

How to Make Authentic German Pretzels


  1. 5 stars
    I am so glad to find this recipe. I have tried others but they are not the same as the read thing. I will be making these for our Oktoberfest celebration. Since you freeze them before dipping and baking, can I make them a day ahead and cook them the next day? That would help a lot. Thank you

  2. I am so glad to find this recipe. I have tried others but they are not the same as the real thing. I will be making these for our Oktoberfest celebration. I am ordering the lye since that looks the the key to making them taste good. Since you freeze them before dipping and baking, can I make them a day ahead and cook them the next day? That would help a lot. Thank you

    1. Yes, the lye will really help. It should work to freeze them for a day but be sure to let them thaw fully before baking to make sure they will rise ~ Anja

  3. 5 stars
    I’ve now made 3 batches in just over a week and have shared your recipe with my German friend who has made them for her family to rave reviews. Thanks again. If I could give your recipe 10 stars, I would.

  4. OMG! I just pulled my first batch out of the oven and they are absolutely perfect! I gave 5 to our friends down the road who are german pretzel addicts as well. They were so excited! My son devoured 3 straight away. He said they are the best pretzels he’s ever had. And he’s spoilt because my parents live near one of the best pretzel bakeries in stuttgart. I cooked them with a burst of steam at the beginning of the cooking time. And now I’m making another batch. Thank you so much for sharing this recipe.

    1. Yay! That sounds amazing and I am so glad to hear that. Do you mind giving this recipe a 5 star rating? Thank you so much ~ Anja

  5. OMG! I just pulled my first batch out of the oven and they are absolutely perfect! I gave 5 to our friends down the road who are german pretzel addicts as well. They were so excited! My son devoured 3 straight away. He said they are the best pretzels he’s ever had. And he’s spoilt because my parents live near one of the best pretzel bakeries in stuttgart. I cooked them with a burst of steam at the beginning of the cooking time. And now I’m making another batch. Thank you so much for sharing this recipe.

  6. Hi! Fellow Stuttgarterin here. I’ve been living on Australia for 23 years and miss german style bread and especially Brezeln a lot. So do my kids. It’s always the first thing my parents derbe is when we Visit them. I’ve made them before many years ago and they were decent. But your recipe looks amazing. I have a couple of questions: do you basically only let them rise once before shaping? No second rise?
    I managed to source diastatic malt here. Is that the same as malted barley flour? I would like to freeze some unbaked or par baked. Do you think that is best to freeze after the dipping and salting?
    And lastly, have you tried letting the dough rise slowly in the fridge overnight? I like to make bread with that overnight rise and find it usually improves the flavour.
    Vielen Dank für Dein Rezept. Ich freu mich schon auf die Brezeln!

    1. Hallo, nette Stuttgarterin! Depending on the temperature you can also let them rise after dipping in lye. Diastatic malt is not exactly the same as barley malt flour but you can absolutely use that, too! I usually freeze them after baking while they’re still warm. I have not let them rise in the fridge overnight but it might be worth a try! Vielen Dank für Deinen lieben Kommentar ~ Anja

  7. Hi Anya,
    I very much enjoy your videos and simplistic explanations as well as alternative ingredients. With this in mind, is it possible to use Barley Malt syrup (which is what I have on hand) instead of the BMflour without it altering the dough integrity? Really looking forward to trying these! Keep up the good work and the sharing of your many skills. 😊

    1. I am so glad you’re enjoying my content! And yes, you can absolutely add some barley malt syrup but remember you won’t need much. Just subtract that from the water ~ Anja

  8. After dipping, do you let your pretzels drip a bit? I find that sometimes the lye solution can leave a strong taste on the bottom of the pretzel/bun.

    1. I always let the pretzels drip a bit after dipping but I would say, ultimately it’s a matter of personal preference ~ Anja

  9. Lovely recipe and great videos. Fellow German here baking pretzels in Australia. Please note: there is no need to heat up the lye solution when using proper lye. Actually, the water gets warm by adding the caustic soda anyway. Ideally the water temperature is 30 degrees C for best shine and “Knusper” 🙂

  10. I was just talking to my SIL this weekend about how I need to make some soft pretzels at home…now I have a recipe for it! Thanks, I can’t wait to try it!

  11. Question: do you happen to know how to make the German Brotchen? I would really love to learn. I lived in Efdorf Germany for 3 years and loved them (Bitburg area) and I ask my German landlord how to make them and she said you buy them. I have tried a few recipe but they are not like what I remember. Any way I would really love to learn. Thanks can’t wait to try homemade cream cheese, I been making buttermilk, kefir and sour dough for years.

    1. Yes … Brötchen. I have been experimenting with some recipes but hadn’t been happy enough with them to bring them to this blog. I will post a recipe once I have a good one. Stay tuned ~ Anja

  12. Hallo Anja,
    I came across your website and signed up researching on how to effectively grind flour. I have since watched a few of your very informative videos. Thank you!
    Ich bin 1992 von Stuttgart nach LA gezogen/ eingereist, habe zwei erwachsene Kinder und einen lieben Mann. Ich mache viel im Garten, backe viel mit Sauerteig, fermentiere, usw.
    Meine Brezeln liebe ich auch. Ich wurde von einer super Website inspiriert, http://www.the
    Nochmals danke für viele Tips,

    1. Hallo Andrea, das ist ja nett!! Ich bin übrigens in Stuttgart geboren und habe da knapp 10 Jahre gelebt. Und es freut mich, daß Dir meine Videos gefallen. Liebe Grüße ~ Anja

  13. Anja, thank you for sharing your recipe for pretzels! My husband is of German descent and I know he will love them. Your photos are beautiful and instructions are very clear.

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  16. What’s up, I check your new stuff regularly.
    Your story-telling style is awesome, keep doing
    what you’re doing!

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    1. I bet they would! Just make sure you follow the safety precautions for the lye – if you’re using it 😊

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